PROS AND CONS OF CORD BLOOD TRETMENTSThere are several things to consider before you decide to bank your new born's cord blood or against it and all of them are connected with pros and cons of cord blood banking. Cord blood banking pros and cons can be roughly devided in two respective topics. Pros of cord blood banking have to deal with security policy for new born and probably all members of your family. There is only one chance to save cord blood and its the one time with everlasting impact. Cord blood banking con is financial by nature. Different providers store stem cells and it requires a fee. All of them do not check viability of cells before storing them and it gives you a new task of being well informed and keep up with new information. Exacly because of that one time chance to save your baby's cord blood you have to make a right decision.
Umbilical cord blood treatments or more precise, use of stem cells from that source is becoming a hot topic of medical world and beyond.
Like everything else it has two sides.
Disadvantages of cord blood treatment starts with relatively small amount of precious stem cells that can be extracted. Volume of collected umbilical cord blood is rather small (to 4 ounces on average). Automatically it means that quantity of stem cells for transplantation is even less than that in peripheral blood or bone marrow.
Adults and adolescents need more than that and that is where real problem starts. Another thing is that cord blood transplant can expose patient to one of the rare genetic disorders of the immune system of blood. This disorder in particular cannot be traced while testing the umbilical cord blood sample. It remains invisible in the child for many years but chance of getting it is 1 in 10. 000.
Important obstacle if not disadvantage is that cord blood stem cells can come from newborn unavailable for extra cold blood donation. If the first cord blood unit fails second has to be obtained from a different donor. On the other hand cord blood collection is almost effortless and risk free. At the New York Blood Center they collected cord blood from expelled placenta. There is no risk for mother or newborn baby.
Once when blood is tested and frozen it is ready for use and when match is found it can be reserved immediately. Perfect match is not necessary. That is probably the biggest and most important advantage.
Cord blood can be transplanted even if there is only a partial match between donor and recipient.
Cord blood is less likely to spread certain viruses (such as CHV-cytomegalovirus that is deadly).
The immune cells from the cord less likely to attack the tissue of the patient known as graffiti versus host disease. The Recipient has fewer risks of complications by cord blood transplant.
We believe today that it may take another decade before cure for some of deadly diseases will be definite. Medical researchers are busy working on stem cells and they are becoming more powerful tool in the coming years.
Benefits of the process should not be dismissed lightly.