DIVERSE USES OF UMBILICAL CORD BLOODWhen it comes to treatment of lymphome, leukemia and some other blood deseases umbilical cord blood has important role in it.
Umbilical cord blood can be described as a delivery left over. It is in fact blood left in the umbilical cord and placenta. It is collected after cutting of and clumping of the umbilical cord. After child birth the umbilical cord is routinely discarded together with placenta.
Cord blood is genetically unique to the child and its family. It can be very good match to unrelated people, too. It is obvious from the previous description that cord blood is easier to collect than traditional bone marrow donation and it is painful to collect it. Unlike bone marrow it does not require any invasive proceedings.
Cord blood transplants are becoming stronger and stronger alternative to bone marrow transplants each day.
It is very, very hard to find a donor for the bone marrow transplant. One of the main problems is in six human lymphocyte antigens(HLA). These six are part of the group of proteins from bone marrow cell that have to perfectly match in order to avoid immune reaction.
On top of everything cord blood has 10 times more blood making cells in it than bone marrow.
Cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma and blood disorders as sickle cell anemia, severe immune system disorders and genetic defect affecting the blood making system can be treated with cord blood transplantation. Numerous other diseases are being studied in order to apply stem cells from umbilical cord blood and medicinal you can get from that source. Some of them are Alzheimer, arthritis, stroke, diabetes, Parkinson disease, spinal cord damage and so on.
Transplant science is constantly improving. The evolution of these pluripotent stem cells in medicine is being monitored and experimented with. Indication that they can grow into other type of tissue and not only replace blood particles brings hope that they indeed will help in treatment of wider variety of diseases.
Cord blood stem cells can treat over 75 diseases, immune problems and deficiencies. The ongoing research is more than promising. Many patients found hope in cord blood stem cell therapies.